Native to Peru
Edited 29 June 2007
© Nina Rach
Originally published in Fedde, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 1: 188.
This species was described by Kraenzlin in 1905 from a collection made by August Weberbauer in the Department of Junín, city of Tarma, in the mountains west of Huacapistana, Peru, at an elevation of 2600-3000 m.
Weberbauer (b. 1871, d. Jan. 16, 1948, Lima) made many journeys in Peru from 1901-1904 and 1908-1948, on the authority of the Königlich Preußische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Royal Prussian Society of Sciences), the Field Museum of Natural History Chicago, and the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Lima. This sobralia species was collected during his early journeys, and the type specimen was archived by Kraenzlin in the Berlin Herbarium.
In 1908, Weberbauer became director of the botanical and zoological gardens in Lima, and from 1922 on, he held a chair for botany and pharmaceutical chemistry at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Lima. He collected over 8,000 botanical specimens and over 250 plants were named after him.
Dr. Leslie Garay thinks that the newly described Sobralia altissima D.E. Bennett & Christenson is very similar to S. weberbaueriana. Bennett & Christenson note that only the type description and a photograph of the holotype" of S. weberbaueriana remain, as the herbarium specimen (Weberbauer 2076) was destroyed in WW II.
Friedrich William Ludwig Kraenzlin 1905. "Sobralia weberbaueriana in: Fedde, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 1: 188.
José Roque and Blanca León (December 2006) "Orchidaceae endemicas del Perú," in: Rev. Peru. Biol., 13(2): 759s-878s. Link:
[Sobralia altissima, calliantha, hirta, ruparupaensis, turkeliae, weberbaueriana]
Charles Schweinfurth April 9, 1958. Orchidaceae, Orchids of Peru, in: Fieldiana, Botany 30(1): 68-77. [Sobralia amplexicaulis, biflora, candida, crocea, dichotoma, d'orbignyana, fimbriata, klotzscheana, leucoxantha, rosea, scopulorum, setigera, violacea (this is S. virginalis); weberbaueriana]
Charles Schweinfurth 1961. Orchids of Peru. Chicago Nat. History Museum; p. 77.
August Weberbauer 1911. Die Pflanzenwelt der peruanischen Anden in ihren Grundzugen dargestellt ["The flora of the Peruvian Andes"].
ING: Index Nominum Genericorum, URL:
http://rathbun.si.edu/botany/ing/ from the U.S. National Herbarium, Dept. of Systematic Biology - Botany, Smithsonian Institution
International Plant Names Index [IPNI],
Inventar zum Nachlass August Weberbauer, 16 pp. List of his travels and publications [in German].
Weberbauer's archives at the Ibero-American Institute: 7 diaries, 7 travel logs, 53 notebooks, 13 manuscripts, 6 notes, 1 meteorological observation, 2 bibliographical references, 12 catalogs of plants and other materials, among them also documents and photos. These documents not only give insight into the life and work of this important pioneer of Peruvian botany, but also provide geological, climatological, geographical and ethnological information about Peru during the years 1901 to 1948.